Compositional points in photography

Most of you have often heard of the line – “There are no rules when it comes to photography”. You create your own image according to your preference and move along. However, there are some important compositional points that are widely followed by avid photographers.

These points/rules help in bringing about an aesthetic appeal to the image and improve the overall composition of the image.

  • Working on focus


Creating a depth of field in your image is a very important trait that you need to learn about. Depth of field creates more variance in the image, hugely impacts the composition of the image and brings about the separation of a subject from its surrounding environment.

  • Rule of Thirds


Rule of thirds is one of the most important rules when it comes to photographic composition. There’s no strict note on this, but most upcoming photographers should have a general idea of this.

The basic idea is to separate a frame into 9 rectangles with 2 equally spaced horizontal and vertical lines. And your main point of interest(subject) should be placed along the intersection of these lines, which suffice to say, gives off an aesthetic appeal to your image.

  • Sunny 16 Rule


Sunny 16 Rule is more like a formula that helps with metring the light exposure at a particular setting/moment. Mostly used in outdoor situations

  • Using basic backgrounds


Always choose basic backgrounds with a light color preferably as the backdrop. It helps to keep the focus in the subject rather than the surroundings which might not be important. You don’t want the focus to drift away from anything that is not required. Try to keep the focus on the eye level rather than other distractions.

  • Framing


It is very important to have a basic idea of what subjects you want to put in the frame. How to draw attention towards your subject by placing other objects in the frame totally defines another aspect of your composition skills.

  • Patterns


Creating patterns has always been a part of the compositional rules in photography. It involves repetition of line or shapes to create interesting and dramatic images and also serves to create eye-catching frames.

  • Leading lines


Leading lines is one of the most important traits of the composition. It serves as an important tool when you need to draw the attention of the user towards a specific point in the frame, be it the subject or something else.

    • Cropping


Sometimes when a shot is clicked, you find that the main focus is on something else other than your intended subject. But you want the user to have his attention on another part instead. This is where cropping comes in handy. It helps to keep the main focus on the preferred subject and in turn removing unwanted noise/clutter.

All the points that have been mentioned above are not hard and fast rules which one has to follow to be a better photographer. Or to get better at composition. Its main purpose is to give you a heads-up about the options that are available out there. These points help you to stand out from images that are just simple so to speak. It creates more vivid and dramatic situations, eye-catching repetitions, brings images to life and to increase the overall effect of the image.